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Symbolics Papers & Technical References

Symbolics


  • D. Moon, The Architecture of the Symbolics 3600, The 12th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, pp. 76-83.

  • D. Moon, Symbolics Architecture, COMPUTER, January, 1987.

  • N. Weste, Chr. Terman, H. Shobe, D. Sarrazin, D. Tan, K. Reti, E. Nestler, H. Minsky, A. Corry, J. Cherry, C. Baker, The Symbolics Ivory Design and Verification Strategy, Proc. of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design: VLSI in Computers & Processors, Rye Brook, October 5-8, 1987.

  • N. Weste, Lisp chips increase power with symbolic processing, COMPUTER DESIGN, October 1, 1987.

  • J. Walker, Supporting Document Development with Concordia, Proceedings of the 21st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 1988.

  • D.S. Cyphers, D. Moon, Optimizations in the Symbolics CLOS Implementation.

  • D. Moon, Symbolics Architecture; Wiley; 1990; Chapter 3 of Computers for Artificial
    Intelligence Processing, ISBN 0-471-84811-5.

  • D. Moon, Genera Retrospective; IEEE; 1991; Order Number 2265.

  • Weinreb, D.; Feinberg, N.; Gerson, D.; Lamb, C.: An object-oriented database system to support an integrated programming environment. In: Gupta, R.; Horowitz, E. (Hrsg.): Object-Oriented Databases with Applications to CASE, Networks, and VLSI Design. Series in Data and Knowledge Base Systems. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, S. 117-129. Prentice Hall, 1991

  • The Symbolics Virtual Lisp Machine or Using The DEC Alpha as a Programmable Micro-Engine” P.T. Withington, Scott McKay, Gary Palter. Extended abstract submitted to PLDI November 1993.

  • The Lisp Machine: Noble Experiment or Fabulous Failure?” P.T. Withington (Symbolics, Inc) Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary of Lisp – Lisp In The Mainstream – Conference; November 15-18, 1998 – Berkeley, CA (USA).

  • Lisp Lore: a Guide to Programming the Lisp Machine : Second edition, H. Bromley, R. Lamson, Boston, Kluwer, 1987, ISBN 0-89838-228-9.


Related Stuff

  • D. Moon, Chaosnet, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., A.I.MEMO 628, Cambridge, 1981.

  • Moon, D.A.; Wechsler, A.C.: Operating the Lisp Machine, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., Working Paper 209, Cambridge, 1981

  • Stallman, Richard; Weinreb, Daniel; Moon, David LISP Machine Window System Manual LMI 1983

  • Stallman, Richard ZMAIL Manual, First Edition Version 50 LMI April 1983

  • D. Moon, Garbage Collection in a Large Lisp System; ACM; 1984-08; Symposium on Lisp and Functional Programming, August 1984.

  • Raphals, L.A.: ZMACS, Introductory Manual, LMI, Cambridge, 1983.

  • D. Moon, D., Weinreb, The Lisp Machine Manual, MIT AI Lab, 1981.

  • Lieberman, H., There’s More to Menu System than Meets the Screen, in: Proceedings ACM SigGraph, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1985, pp. 181-189.

  • Ciccarelli, E.C., Presentation Based User Interfaces, MIT Ariticial Intelligence Laboratory, Technical Report 794, August 1984.

  • Stanley, M. The Flavors System, a Brief Overview, Toronto, Ontario, Jan. 23, 1983

  • D. Moon, Object-Oriented Programming with Flavors, In Proc. OOPSLA’86, International
    Conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages and Applications, 1986.

  • P.H. Dussud, TICLOS: An implementation of CLOS for the Explorer Family, In Proc. OOPSLA’89, International Conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages and Applications, 1989, pp. 215-219.

  • Steele, G.L. Common LISP, and the connection machine. Computer Language, Aug. 1986

  • D.A. Moon, The Common Lisp Object-Oriented Programming Language Standard, In W. Kim and F. Lochovsky, eds, Object-Oriented Concepts, Applications, and Databases, Reading: Addison-Wesley, 1988.

  • S. Keene, Object-Oriented Programming in Common Lisp: A Programmer’s Guide to CLOS, Reading: Addison-Wesley, 1989.

  • Rao, R., W. M. York, and D. Doughty, A Guided Tour of the Common Lisp Interface Manager, In Lisp Pointers, 4 (1991).

  • Windows on the World: G. Mason explains the process of porting Lisp system across different
    platforms, PROGRAM NOW, February, 1990.

  • CLIM: The Common Lisp Interface Manager, CACM 34(9), pp. 58-59, 1991.

  • R. Rao, Implementational Reflection in Silica, In Proc. ECOOP’91 European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming, Geneva, Switzerland, July 15-19, 1991, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 512, Springer, 1991, ISBN 3-540-54262-0, pp. 251-267, (Silica is related to CLIM).

  • Rowley, S., H. Shrobe, R. Cassels, and W. Hamsher, Joshua: Uniform Access to Heterogeneous Knowledge Structures or Why Joshing is Better than Conniving or Planning, In Proceedings of The 1987 National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Los Altos: Morgan Kaufman, 1987: 48-52.

  • Eve M. Phillips, If It Works, It’s Not AI: A Commercial Look at Artificial Intelligence Startups, BSc in Computer Science and Engineering, and Master in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science thesis Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science – Massachusetts
    Institute of Technology May 7, 1999

  • S. Wholey, G. Steele, Connection machine lisp : A dialect of common lisp for data parallel programming, Supercomputing <2, 1987, Santa Clara> S.45-54

  • Lisp machine manual,, D. Weinreb, D. Moon, R. Stallman, Cambridge, Ma, MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab., 1983, 692 pages.

  • Lisp machine window system manual : Ed. 1.1, system vers. 95, R. Stallman, D. Moon, D. Weinreb, 261 pages, Cambridge, Ma, MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab., 1983.

  • Flavors: message passing in the lisp machine, D. Weinreb, D. Moon, Cambridge, Ma, MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab., AI MEMO NO 602, Report-Nr.: AD-A095523.

  • Lisp machine progress report, A. Bawden, Cambridge, Ma, MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab., AI MEMO NO 444.

  • Barrett, K., Cassels, B., Haahr, P., Moon, D., Playford, K., Withington, P.T., A Monotonic Superclass Linearization for Dylan, Proc. OOPSLA’96.

  • LISP, Lore, and Logic : an Algebraic View of LISP Programming, Foundations, and Applications, William Richard Stark, New York, Springer, 1990, ISBN 0-387-97072-X.

  • Paul Graham, “Anatomy of a Lisp Machine”, AI Expert, December 1988.

  • Pleszkun and Thazhuthaveetil, “The Architecture of Lisp Machines”, IEEE Computer, March 1987.

  • Ditzel, Schuler and Thomas, “A Lisp Machine Profile: Symbolics 3650”, AI Expert, January 1987.

  • Peter M. Kogge, “The Architecture of Symbolic Computers”, McGraw-Hill 1991. ISBN 0-07-035596-7.


Another List of References

  • Adams, N.I.; Rees, J.A.: The T Manual – T, a Dialect of LISP, Version 2,
    Yale Univ., Dep. of Computer Science, New Haven, Connecticut, April 24, 1983

  • AI memo 444, August 1977, 29 pages; LISP Machine Progress Report;
    By Alan Bawden, Richard Greenblatt, Jack Holloway, Thomas Knight,
    David Moon, Daniel Weinreb

  • Bishop, P.B.: Garbage Collection in a Very Large Address Space, M.I.T., A.I. Lab.,
    Working Paper 111, Cambridge, 1975

  • Bobrow, D.G.; Clark, D.W.: Compact Encodings of List Structure,
    ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
    Vol. 1, No. 2, Oct. 1979, pp. 266-286

  • Bobrow, D.G.; Darley, D.L.; Deutsch, L.P.; Murphy, D.L.; Teitelman, W.:
    The BBN 940 LISP System, Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Proj. 8668,
    Sc. Rep. 9, Cambridge, 15 July 1967

  • Bromley, Hank; Lamson, Richard
    LISP LORE: a guide to programming the LISP machine.
    Boston, Dordrecht, Lancaster 2. Aufl. 1987

  • Brooks, Rodney A.; Gabriel, Richard P. A Critique of Common LISP. ACM 1984
  • Burke, G.: Introduction to NIL, M.I.T., Lab. for Computer Science,
    Cambridge, Mass., March 1983

  • Burke, G.S.; Carrette, G.J.; Eliot, C.R.: NIL Reference Manual,
    M.I.T., Lab. for Computer Science, MIT/LCS/TR-311, Camridge, Jan. 1984

  • Burke, G.S.; Carrette, G.J.; Eliot, C.R.: NIL Notes for Release 0.259,
    M.I.T., Cambridge, Mass., June 1983

  • Chailloux, J.: La Machine LLM3, INRIA Rapports Techniques, No. 55,
    Rocquencourt, Juillet 1985

  • Ciccarelli, E.C., Presentation Based User Interfaces,
    MIT Ariticial Intelligence Laboratory, Technical Report 794, August 1984.

  • Deutsch, P.L.: A LISP Machine with Very Compact Programs, 3. IJCAI 1973
  • Ditzel, Schuler and Thomas, “A Lisp Machine Profile: Symbolics 3650”,
    AI Expert, January 1987.

  • P.H. Dussud, TICLOS: An implementation of CLOS for the Explorer Family,
    In Proc. OOPSLA’89, International Conference on Object-Oriented Programming,
    Systems, Languages and Applications, 1989, pp. 215-219.

  • Fateman, R.J.: Is a LISP Machine Different from a FORTRAN Machine ?,
    SIGSAM Bull., Vol. 12 (1978), No. 4

  • Flynn, A.M.: The Connection Machine RAM Chip, M.I.T., A.I. Lab.,
    Working Paper 242, Cambridge, 1983

  • Gabriel, Richard P. Performance and Evaluation of LISP Systems. The MIT Press,
    Cambridge/London, 1986

  • Paul Graham, “Anatomy of a Lisp Machine”, AI Expert, December 1988.
  • Greenblatt, R: The LISP Machine, AI Lab, MIT, Cambridge, 1975
  • Hayashi, H.; Hattori, A.; Akimoto, H.: ALPHA – a High-Performance LISP Machine
    Equipped with a New Stack Structure and Garbage Collection System.
    10th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, IEEE, 1983

  • Holloway, J.; Steele, G.L.jr.; Sussman, G.J.; Bell, A.: The Scheme-79 Chip,
    M.I.T., A.I. Lab., A.I.MEMO 559, Cambridge, 1980

  • AI memo 528, May 1979, 44 pages; CADR; By Thomas F. Knight, Jr., David A. Moon,
    Jack Holloway, Guy L. Steele, Jr.

  • Knight, T.: CONS AI Lab, MIT, Cambridge, 1975
  • Knight, T.: ? LISP Machine Internal Storage Formats,
    LISP Machine Documentation LMDOC;FORMAT, Feb. 21, 1979

  • Knight, T.: ? The LISP Machine Macro-Instruction Set,
    LISP Machine Documentation LMDOC;MACRO, Feb. 21, 1979

  • Peter M. Kogge, “The Architecture of Symbolic Computers”,
    McGraw-Hill 1991. ISBN 0-07-035596-7.

  • Lieberman, H.: Logo Turtle Graphics for the LISP Machine, M.I.T., A.I. Lab.,
    Working Paper 214, Cambridge, 1981

  • Lieberman, H., There’s More to Menu System than Meets the Screen,
    in: Proceedings ACM SigGraph, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1985, pp. 181-189.

  • The LMI Lambda Field Service Manual. LMI, Cambridge, 1984
  • Marshall, M.: LISP Computers Go Commercial, Electronics, Nov. 20, 1980
  • McCarthy, J.: On Operator Systems, Mass. Inst. of Technology, Computation Center,
    Cambridge, Feb. 16, 1959

  • Meyer, E.W. jr.: LISP – A Prototype Machine Language for a LISP Computer, …
    January 9, 1967

  • “Symbolics Architecture”, David A. Moon, IEEE Computer,
    vol. 20:1, January 1987, pp. 43-52.

  • D. Moon, Symbolics Architecture; Wiley; 1990;
    Chapter 3 of Computers for Artificial Intelligence Processing,
    ISBN 0-471-84811-5.

  • D. Moon, Genera Retrospective; IEEE; 1991; Order Number 2265.
  • D. Moon, D., Weinreb, The Lisp Machine Manual, MIT AI Lab, 1981.
  • Moon, D.A.: Lisp Machine Choice Facilities, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., Working Paper 208A,
    Cambridge, 1981

  • Moon, D.A.; Wechsler, A.C.: Operating the Lisp Machine, M.I.T., A.I. Lab.,
    Working Paper 209, Cambridge, 1981

  • David A. Moon. Object-oriented Programming with Flavors. OOPSLA ’86 Proceedings, November 1986.
  • David A. Moon. MACLisp reference manual. Project MAC, MIT, Cambridge, MA, April 1974.
  • David A. Moon. Architecture of the Symbolics 3600.
    In Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture,
    pages 76-83, Boston, MA, June 1985.

  • Pleszkun and Thazhuthaveetil, “The Architecture of Lisp Machines”,
    IEEE Computer, March 1987.

  • R. Rao, Implementational Reflection in Silica,
    In Proc. ECOOP’91 European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming,
    Geneva, Switzerland, July 15-19, 1991, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science,
    Vol. 512, Springer, 1991, ISBN 3-540-54262-0, pp. 251-267

  • Raphals, L.A.: ZMACS, Introductory Manual, LMI, Cambridge, 1983
  • Raphals, L.A.; Smith, S.: Introduction to the LISP System, Operations Manual, LMI,
    Cambridge, 1983

  • Roads, C. B. 3600 Technical Summary Cambridge (USA), 1983
  • Roberts, R.B.; Goldstein, I.P.: The FRL Manual, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., A.I.MEMO 409,
    Cambridge, 1977

  • Roberts, R.B.; Goldstein, I.P.: The FRL Primer, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., A.I.MEMO 408,
    Cambridge, 1977

  • Communications of the ACM, (Lisp issue), Volume 34, Number 9, September, 1991
  • Slade, Stephen The T Programming Language. A Dialect of LISP. Englewood Cliffs 1987
  • Stallman, Richard; Weinreb, Daniel; Moon, David
    LISP Machine Window System Manual LMI 1983

  • Stallman, Richard ZMAIL Manual, First Edition Version 50 LMI April 1983
  • Stanley, M. The Flavors System, a Brief Overview, Toronto, Ontario, Jan. 23, 1983
  • Guy L. Steele Jr., Gerald J. Sussman: Design of a LISP-Based Microprocessor.
    CACM 23(11): 628-645 (1980)

  • Steele, G.L. Common LISP, and the connection machine. Computer Language, Aug. 1986
  • Steele, G.L. jr.: Trees, (Poem), BYTE, 1973
  • Steele, G.L.jr.; Sussman, G.J.: Design of LISP-Based Processors or,
    SCHEME: A Dielectric LISP or, Finite Memories Considered Harmful or,
    LAMBDA The Ultimate Opcode, M.I.T., A.I. Lab., A.I.MEMO 514, Cambridge, 1979

  • Symbolics Software,Symbolics, Inc., Cambridge, Mass., 1981
  • Teitelman, W. Ten years of window systems – a retrospective view.
  • Teitelman, W.: Ears, Xerox PARC, Palo Alto, 18 Oct. 1977
  • Teitelman, W.: “Do What I Mean”: The Programmer’s Assistant,
    Computers and Automation, April, 1972

  • Teitelmann, W. A Display oriented Programmer’s Assistant. Palo Alto, Jan. 1981
  • Texas Instruments Explorer Technical Summary. q. TI Austin, Texas 1984
  • Explorer LISP Reference. Texas Instruments, TI Part No.: 2243201-0001, June 1985
  • J. Walker, Supporting Document Development with Concordia,
    Proceedings of the 21st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences,
    January 1988.

  • Daniel Weinreb and David Moon: Lisp Machine Manual, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory,
    MIT, January 1979.

  • N. Weste, Chr. Terman, H. Shobe, D. Sarrazin, D. Tan, K. Reti, E. Nestler, H.
    Minsky, A. Corry, J. Cherry, C. Baker,
    The Symbolics Ivory Design and Verification Strategy,
    Proc. of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design:
    VLSI in Computers & Processors, Rye Brook, October 5-8, 1987.

  • N. Weste, Lisp chips increase power with symbolic processing,
    COMPUTER DESIGN, October 1, 1987.

  • Jon L. White: “NIL–A Perspective”, 1979 Macsyma Users’ Conference Proceedings;
    Washington, DC; June 20-22, 1979.

The Symbolics Lisp Machine Museum memorializes the Symbolics Lisp Machine (LispM) and the company that developed and manufactured it, Symbolics. Thank you for visiting.